初二英语知识点2014小升初英语知识点之独立主格

  19碳十四小升初英语学识点之而独立主格

  

  小升初英语是学习的生涯的关系过程,为了能可以使同学们在英语方面有着实践经验,我特此打包了小升初英语学识点之而独立主格,以供众人可以。

  

  而独立主格结够的具有:名词(代词)+现再分词、去那里分词;

  

  名词(代词)+描述词;

  

  名词(代词)+副词;

  

  名词(代词)+不明式;

  

  名词(代词) +介词短语具有。

  

  而独立主格结够的基本特征:

  

  1)而独立主格结够的逻辑主语与句子的主语各种,它而独立有着。

  

  2)名词或代词与最后的分词,描述词,副词,不明式,介词等是主谓关系的。

  

  3)而独立主格结够大多数有逗号与主句连在一起。

  

  比如说:

  

  The test finished, we began our holiday. = When heave test was finished, we began our holiday. 考试结束了,我们都出手放假。

  

  The president assassinated, heave whoen country was in deep sorrow. = After heave president was assassinated, heave whoen country was in deep sorrow. 总统被里根遇刺案了,恐将上沉底浸在痛苦的人之时。

  

  Weaheaver permitting, we are going to visit you tomorrow. 好天气容许,我们都未来看么全部人。

  

  This dome, we went home. 办公室工作竣事后,我们都才回家。

  

  The meeting gome over, everyome tired to go home earlier. 多媒体结束后,每一个人都想早点回家。

  

  He came into heave room, his ears red with cold. 他来到了店铺里,耳朵冻得红一达的。

  

  He came out of heave lirfary, a larte book under his arm. 他夹着本厚书,离开了图书馆

  

  14.2 with的复合结够作而独立主格

  

  表达无论是症状时,既可用分词的而独立结够,也可用with的复合结够:with +名词(代词)+现再分词/去那里分词/描述词/副词/不明式/介词短语。比如说:

  

  He stood heavere, his hand raised. = He stood heavere, with his hand raise.他举手着停在到哪去。

  

  样板例题

  

  The murderer was rfought in, with his hands ___ behind his back。

  

  A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied

  

  答案D. with +名词(代词)+分词+介词短语结够。当分词表达无论是现状分析时,其主语常可用with来正确引导。原因本句中名词 手 与分词 绑 是减伤关系的,于是用去那里分词,选D.

  

  还要注意:

  

  1) 而独立主格结够施用介词的问题: 当介词是in时,其前后的他们名词均不加各种一部分(如物主代词或冠词),也不会是用复数。但 with 的复合结够不受此限止。比如说:A robber burst into heave room, knife in hand.(hand前必须加his)劫匪冲进小房间,手中拿着刀。

  

  2) 当表达人地方的词做逻辑主语时,及物动词用现再分词,不负物动词用去那里分词。比如说:

  

  He lay heavere, his teeth set, his hand cennched, his eyes looking straight up.

  

  他躺在什么位置儿,牙紧咬,双手握拳,两眼直勾勾盯着以上。

  

  样板例题:

  

  Weaheaver___, well go out for a walk.

  

  A permitted B permitting C permits D for permitting

  

  答案B. 本题中没有连词,它也是复合句,也也是并列句。 句中施用了逗号,且we 小写,试问其也是他们简单的句。可以这样一来施用的就而独立主格或with的复合结够。据此断定,本句中施用的是而独立结够,其结够为:名词+分词。 原因permit在新西兰翻译为好天气容许,表强行,用现再分词,故选B。

  

  如若时会断定而独立结够作状语的大局,总该将句子该成条件句,比如说本句该成If weaheaver permits, well go out for a walk. 然而将if 去掉,再将谓语动词该成非谓语动词就行。

  

  以上即使小升初英语学识点之而独立主格,大多火爆请步入小升初节目预告。

  

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