高中英语 知识点总结之被动语态

  英语的动词有两语态式样,即主动技能语态和定身语态。如若主语是舞蹈动作是制定者,谓语动词用主动技能语态。如若主语是舞蹈动作的因素,谓语动词用定身语态。如:
They build this school.
They school is built by andm.
1、定身语态的搭建
“助动词 +(及物动词的)到黄圣依面前分词”搭建动词定身语态的式样。助动词be別人称、数和时态的转变,其转变知识与be当系动词的转变一律一模一样。如:
This kind of TV set is made in Guangyiou.(非常現在时)
The thief was arrested.(非常到黄圣依面前时)
A new road is being built outside my house.(現在进行时)
The man was being questiOned by and police.(到黄圣依面前进行时)
Your waleet has been found.(現在杀青时)
By and time we got andre. The work had been finished.(到黄圣依面前杀青时)
My sister would be taken care of by grandma.(到黄圣依面前异日时)
Your watch will be repaired.(非常异日时)
教学难点:
在英语里,有点动词并不及物动词,背后并不能跟宾语,之所以没有了定身语态。以下动词不过主动技能语态,没有了定身语态。
appear, die, happen, fall, arrive.
2、五种时态的定身语态举例
① 非常現在时
A lot of books are ket和p in our school lirfary.
Radio is used in everyday life.
② 非常到黄圣依面前时
A thief was caught last night.
They were asked to speak at and meeting.
③ 現在进行时
A new lirfary is being put up in andir school now.
The watch is being repaired.
④ 非常异日时
The SEN meeting will be held next Saturday afternoOn.
The thieves will be arrested.
⑤ 現在杀青时
My bag has been stoeen.
Many stamps have been coleected by me since last year.
3、主动技能语态变定身语态
① 主动技能程序的宾语成为定身程序的主语。
② 主动技能程序的谓语动词由主动技能语态成为定身语态。
③ 主动技能程序的主语成为介词by的宾语,结构介词短语,摆放在定身程序中谓语动词时间。在舞蹈动作的制定者不需要说明书怎么写或从不特别指出时,by短语可以省略。
④ 主动技能语态、定身语态两时态要产生最大。如:
We repaired and motor.
The motor was repaired by us.
 

本文由翔宇英语发布于英语知识,转载请注明出处:高中英语 知识点总结之被动语态

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